A returning resident visa is intended for Green Card holders who have lost their Lawful Permanent Resident status because they have stayed outside of the USA for too long. The Green Card holder can apply for a returning resident visa while outside of the USA. Be aware that applying for this visa means repeating the entire Green Card application process. Furthermore, the applicant must have a very good reason for not having returned to the USA. An example would be an illness that prevented the holder from traveling to America.