Get Out There and Count: U.S. Census 2020
21 Mar 2017
Have you ever wondered about who actually counts the number of people of living in the USA? Wonder no more! We would like to prepare you for one of the most important government events that takes place every ten years: The U.S: Census 2020. At the moment, the USA population clock calculates that one new immigrant comes to the United States every 33 seconds! The U.S. Census Bureau is already busy planning the count for the year 2020, so they can share with you how many immigrants have made their dream of living in the USA a reality!
Every ten years since 1790, the United States has taken a comprehensive census of the entire nation. At the moment, the U.S. Census Bureau is busy designing the Census Operational Plan for the twenty-fourth Census in 2020. Why would a nation go through all the trouble of surveying every individual resident? For one thing, it is required by the United States Constitution that a census be conducted every decade. These data help the U.S. government plan its public policies and services; for example, the distribution of federal funds to local communities that may be suffering under high poverty or crime rates and to school districts that do not meet education standards.
One of the most important reasons for the census, and why it is required, is to determine how state Congressional seats should be distributed. The number of seats a state has depends on its population, so the Census data is used for redefining boundaries of congressional districts or state legislatives. This is important in making sure seats, such as in the House of Representatives, are fairly represented. If you have just emigrated to the USA and want to start your own business, these data also give valuable insight into demographic, economic or geographic trends. If you want to open a day-care center for children, for example, you have access to all the information about birth rates and working mothers at the tips of your fingers!
Immigration and the Great American Melting Pot
Moreover, this census helps the United States with population projections by analyzing births, deaths and net migration. From 2000 to 2010, the U.S. population grew by 9.7% and estimates show growth from 2010 to 2020 to be around 10%. When America first started the census in 1790, the population of America grew an average of 33% every ten years until 1890. This was due to a huge influx of migrants coming to America to make a better life for themselves and their families. America continues to be a melting pot for people from different cultures and ethnicities and this is what makes the USA so attractive and unique! Whether you like Mexican food or spring rolls, the American culture is in the end a mix of many!
Most people in the United States will proudly tell you about the ancestry of their great-great grandparents and the trend will never end as long as people continue to emigrate to the USA. In 2015, there were around 43.1 million first-generation (foreign born) people living in the United States. They comprised about 13.5% of the U.S. population. If you look at the chart below, the overall trend shows that more and more people are choosing to live in the United States. In 2015 alone, there were 1,051,031 new legal permanent residents compared with 1,016,518 in 2014 and 990,553 in 2013. The Census Bureau predicts that by 2060, nearly one in five residents of the United States (19 percent) will be foreign born, compared with about one in eight now (13 percent). How is that for a bit of Green Card luck!
The Luck of the Irish
What do the Green Card and a four-leaf clover have in common? They are both Green and bring lots of luck! In 1991, Congress made the month of March Irish-American Heritage month and on March 17th, many people celebrated their Irish heritage in the USA with St. Patrick's Day parties! The Census tracks the ancestry of people in the USA and in 2015, around 10.2 % of Americans, so around 32.7 million, claimed to be descendants of Irish immigrants. Irish ancestry was the most common European nationality after German. The two states claiming the highest Irish ancestry were Massachusetts with 20.2% of the population and New Hampshire at 20.6%. During the mid-19th century, Ireland suffered under the Irish Potato Famine and many people came to America for a better life. During March, the American Spirit turns Irish for four weeks! Now there is something to get dressed up Green for!
Women and the Workforce
March is also the month dedicated to the world’s better half – women! March is Women’s History Month and the Census reveals different changes women in the United States have gone through since the Census was first held in 1790. Women fought hard and continue to fight hard for their rights and the statistics show how far they have come in the USA. From Susanne B. Anthony and women’s suffrage to Eleonor Roosevelt and Civil Rights,women are as vital to the United States as immigrants. The Census showed that in 2012 there were 9.9 million women-owned firms. This is a 26.8% rise, up from 7.8 million businesses in 2007. Women also head to the ballot box during election season more often than men. 43% of women vote in comparison to 40.8% of males. Women are also investing more of their time studying, comprising 55.4% of college students. In 1970 only 1.3% of civil engineers were women compared with 12.7% today. In 1970, 4.9% of lawyers and judges were women and today they make up 33.4% of these fields. Foreign born women also make on average more money than foreign born men in the United States, especially when they have an advanced degree. Women continue to stand up for their rights and therefore there is a whole month dedicated to them! Whether or not more men or women win a Green Card is something the U.S. Census hasn’t told us yet!
East Coast or West Coast?
In the end, it doesn’t matter whether you are Irish or a woman, an American is always an American! So, now we know that every year there are more immigrants moving to the USA, but where do they choose to make their American dream come true? When it comes to the total number of immigrants, California is by-far the most popular state for migrants. In 2014, California was home to 10.5 million foreign-born people making 27% of its population immigrants. No wonder California is such a unique and attractive state! Texas and New York come in second and third place with 4.5 million each. It is no wonder that you can get Greek, Polish and Chinese food restaurants right next to each other with 23% of the total population being immigrants in these states. The sunny beaches of Florida are home to 4 million immigrants and New Jersey has 2 million.
If the hustle and bustle of New York or the beaches of Florida and California are not the right places for you, then where are other immigrants going? Between the years 2000 and 2014, the top five states that experienced the largest percent of immigration growth were Tennessee and Kentucky (102 percent each), Wyoming (101 percent), North Dakota (99 percent), and South Carolina (97 percent). Some of these states had very small numbers of immigrants to start with, so any increase in immigrants would increase the percentage. This is a start, however, and who knows, maybe the country-music-loving state of Tennessee or the horse-loving state of Wyoming might be your next U.S. home!
If you want to be one of the many immigrants entering the USA every 33 seconds, then you should take the first big step of making your dream come true by applying to the Green Card Lottery DV-19. If you make it in time, you might just be able to count as a legal United States resident in the Census 2020! Why look at immigration statistics when you could possibly be one in the future! Don’t miss your chance!